出国旅行者必备 疫苗接种“秘籍”请收好!
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安志杰

中国疾病预防控制中心免疫规划中心研究员

出国旅行选择疫苗接种的原则有哪些呢?
一、根据特定的目的地选择疫苗。出国前可以查询一下目的地最新的疾病流行情况,国际辉煌137:选择当地有高风险的疾病来接种疫苗,比如霍乱伤寒、乙脑、流脑、脊灰、蜱传脑炎、黄热病、狂犬病等。


二、根据特定国家的要求选择疫苗。一些国家要求旅行者在入境前有特定疫苗的接种史,否则将拒绝入境。此类疫苗主要有:脊灰疫苗、黄热病疫苗、流脑疫苗。比如,沙特要求旅行者入境前必须接种流脑疫苗。


三、根据旅行者既往疫苗的接种情况来选择疫苗。出国前最好核对一下,自己是否按照国家免疫规划的要求接种了常规疫苗。因为在我国多数疾病已经被有效控制,但在其他国家还有流行。如果没有全程接种,建议及时补充完成。比如脊灰疫苗、百白破疫苗、麻腮风疫苗等,这类传染病传染性强,对健康影响很大。
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